Archeological Pottery Puzzles

CANAAN picture box

A storage jar from Lachish, found beneath the ruins of the ancient gate of that city, is more than a piece of pottery. It is an historical text. We can “read” it, the way we might read a passage in the Bible. We can “interpret” it, the way we might interpret a biblical text. We can use modern methods to determine the exact location that its clay was harvested.

The ability to control fire is one of the major developments in the cultural history of man. Fire serves not only as a source of heat, but also of light and protection. Special vessels were constructed out of pottery to hold and cherish this source.

Through these high-quality pottery “puzzles”, you can reconstruct the work of modern archaeologists, learn the ways in which archaeologists reconstruct history from artifacts, and get the feel of holding history in your hands.

Tools For Educators:

Ancient Ties educational curriculum “A journey companion” takes the material and brings it in an exciting introduction to a reality that no longer exists. It makes history live for diverse students, first in the classroom and then in their hearts. To learn more about our material for educational institutions, please, contact us directly. Learn More

Each of our Pottery Puzzles is a unique three-dimensional puzzle suited for archeologists ages 5-95. Just as an archeologist needs to work hard to find pieces of fragments that fit together, so will you enjoy finding potshards in your own dig and solving the mystery of their original form.

Inside each Pottery Puzzle kit you will find the shards of an historically-based replica pot and the necessary tools to guide you on your reconstruction of your ancient artifact.

Assemble this 3-dimensional Pottery Puzzle just as an archaeologist would, piece by piece. Don’t be fooled by these completed images. The job of an archeologist requires patience and skill. Build your own collection. Then, like the museum originals, these authentic replicas will become part of your own collection, beautiful treasures for all time.

Through these high-quality pottery "puzzles", you can reconstruct the work of modern archaeologists, learn the ways in which archaeologists reconstruct history from artifacts, and get the feel of holding history in your hands.

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Pottery Puzzle – Amphora #111

WINE AMPHORA
3rd Century CE
A large trade of wine and oil was conducted between all parts of the Mediterranean with the appearance of the Phoenician seaman.

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On the shores of Israel, within the remains of ancient shipwrecks, amphoras are often recovered. They are large vessels (about 4 times of this amphora) with two ear-like handles and a conical base enabling comfortable carrying and secure storage. Their origin should be looked for in the Aegean Islands. The original amphora is from the collection of The Museum of Ancient Art, Haifa. The Smithsonian Institution chose it for presentation in the USA. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Amphorae were used as storage and transport vessels for olives, cereal, oil, and wine. It was one of the principal vessel shapes in Greek pottery, a two-handled pot with a neck narrower than the body. There are two types of amphora: the neck amphora, in which the neck meets the body at a sharp angle; and the one-piece amphora, in which the neck and body form a continuous curve. The first is common from the Geometric period (900 BCE) to the decline of Greek pottery; the second appeared in the 7th century BCE. The height of amphorae varies from large Geometric vases of 5 feet (1.5 meters) to examples of 12 inches (30 centimeters) or even smaller (the smallest are called amphoriskoi). The average normal height is about 18 inches (45 centimeters). (the wine amphora was a standard Attic measure equal to about 34 liters (9 gallons). Wide-mouthed, painted amphorae were used as vessels and were given as prizes. The neck amphora, has about 12 distinct shape variations, determined as much by functional as by artistic considerations. Noteworthy are the Nolan type (from Nola, Italy), some of which had triple handles popular in red-figure pottery; the Panathenaic amphora, painted in black-figure and presented as a prize (filled with olive oil and having the inscription "I am one of the prizes from Athens") at the Panathenaic Festivals from the 6th to the 2nd century BCE; and the loutrophoros, slender-bodied, with a tall neck and flaring mouth, used from the 6th century for ritual purposes at weddings and funerals. The one-piece amphora maintained a more consistent shape, with cylindrical handles, flaring lip, echinus foot, and amply curved belly. Amphorae, such as wine containers, continued to be made in profusion during the Roman Empire.

Price: $35.00

Pottery Puzzle – Caesarea #109

A TOY CHICK, 200-500 CE
Toys have been a common need at all times. Ceramic toys representing domesticated and wild animals were popular during the later Imperial Roman period. Artists who decorated them beautifully made these little pottery figurines. The original  toy chick was discovered in a dig in the port city of Caesarea Martima founded by Herod the Great in honor of Caesar Augustus.

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Caesarea is most commonly associated with Herod. King Herod the Great (37-4 BCE) acquired the site as a present for his loyalty to the Roman Emperor Augustus. Herod set out to build the city of Caesarea (called after Caesar) on a central strategic location. Ceaserea was built over the Phoenician port called Strabo's Tower, of which some ruins exist. Herod set out to construct a harbor to rival the ones of Jaffa (Yafo) and Acre (Akko), in which he succeeded. Catering for the trade from the Far East to Rome and Greece, Caesarea became the largest harbor in the Mediterranean. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Caesarea included several theaters, swimming pools and baths, Herod's palace and an esplanade with huge statues at the end of the piers stretching into the sea. Recent digs have largely confirmed his description of a splendid city in white stone (quarried from nearby hills). Herod erected an aqueduct to the North of the city. This was necessary, because Caesarea did not possess a spring and did not have a river near. Caesarea stayed prosperous also after the harbor had been heavily damaged through the earthquake in 130 BCE. The harbor still stayed in use, and the town made money by trading. Jews and Christians remained in the city, of which witness the erection of the church on top of the temple area, and a synagogue in another part. The city became a study centre for rabbis, set up by Rabbi Bar Kappara at the beginning of the 3rd Century, and rivaled the center of Rabbi Yehuda Hanasi in Sepphoris. Abbaye became Caesarea's most famous rabbi, living one century later.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Canaan #110

CULT VESSEL IN THE SHAPE OF A RIPE POMEGRANATE
Iron Period, 1100-900 BCE

The fruit of the pomegranate tree, with its abundance of seeds, became a symbol of fertility in the ancient Near East. Votive vessels of this shape have been discovered in excavations from the Canaanite and Israelite periods. The Bible mentions golden pomegranates adorning Solomon’s Temple. Such original vessels can be seen in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem and Eretz- Israel Museum, Tel Aviv

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"And the sons of Ham Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan. .. And Canaan begot Zidon his firstborn, and Heth; and the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite; and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite; and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite; and afterward were the families of the Canaanite spread abroad" (Genesis 10, verse 10-15). Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
The name Canaan occurs in cuneiform, Egyptian, and Phoenician writings from about the 15th century BCE as well as in the Bible. In these sources, Cannan refers to an area encompassing all of Israel and Syria. The Israelites occupied and conquered Canaan, the land promised to the Israelites by God. The origin of the name Canaan is disputed, but it may derive from an old Semitic word denoting reddish purple, referring to the rich purple or crimson dye produced in the area or to the wool colored with the dye. Biblically, Canaanites are identified in Genesis as descendants of Canaan, a son of Ham and grandson of Noah. Around 1250 BCE the Israelites entered Canaan, settling at first in the hill country and in the south. The Israelites' infiltration was opposed by the Canaanites, who continued to hold the stronger cities of the region. In the following century, Canaan suffered further invasion at the hands of the Philistines, who appear to have come from Crete. They eventually established a coalition of five city-states on the southern coast of Canaan. Under the leadership of King David (10th century BCE), the Israelites were finally able to break the Philistine power and at the same time to annihilate the native Canaanites, taking the city of Jerusalem. Modern knowledge of Canaan's history and culture is derived from both archeological excavations and from literary sources. Excavations, mainly in the 20th century, have unearthed the remains of many important Canaanite cities, including Bet Shean, Gezer, Hazor, Jericho, Jerusalem, Lachish, Megiddo, and Shechem. Thereafter Canaan became, for all practical purposes, the Land of Israel.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Hebron #108

"And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs". (Numbers 13 verses 23-34)

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This vessel was unearthed in the area of Hebron. Hebron, an ancient Canaanite royal city, has been dated to the 18th century BCE. Abraham, the Patriarch, long lived in Hebron, which was often referred to as Qiryat Arba' (Hebrew: "City of the Four," or "Tetrapolis"), possibly referring to four confederated settlements in the area in biblical times, or to the fact that the city is built on four hills. At Hebron, Abraham purchased the cave of Mach-pelah as a burial place for his wife, Sarah, from Ephron the Hittite (Genesis 23); this became a family sepulchre. According to tradition, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, with their wives Sarah, Rebekah, and Leah, were buried in the cave. After the exodus from Egypt, Hebron was one of the cities visited by the spies sent by Moses. Later, Joshua fought the Battle of Aijalon, where "the sun stood still," against a confederation of Amorite chiefs including the "king of Hebron" (Joshua 10). Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
King David (10th century BCE) was ordered by God to go to Hebron; he was anointed king of Israel there, and made it his capital for 7 1/2 years, until the taking of Jerusalem (II Samuel 2-5). In post-exilic times Hebron fell to the Edomites; King Herod the Great (ruled 37-4 BCE) built a wall around the cave of Mach-pelah, portions of which survive beneath additions by Byzantines, crusaders, and Mamluks. The Muslims ruled the city from 635 CE until after World War I, except for 1100-1260, when the crusaders controlled it.

Price: $35.00

Pottery Puzzle – Jericho #102

"And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan at Jericho". (Numbers 22, verse 1)

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This jug was discovered in a dig near Jericho. Jericho has been identified in the mound known as Tall As-Sult an (at the source of the copious spring 'As-Sult an), which rises 70 feet above the surrounding plain of the modern city of Jericho. A number of major archaeological expeditions have worked at the site, notably in 1952-58 under Kathleen M. Kenyon, director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem; one of the main objectives has been to establish the date of the town's destruction by the Israelites--a matter of importance for the chronology of the Israelite entry into Canaan. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Evidence of this destruction was thought to have been found but proved to be erroneous.Most of the town of the period, including the whole circuit of the town walls, has been removed by erosion; enough survives to show only that there was a town of the period. This may have been destroyed in the second half of the 14th century BC, but evidence is too scanty for precision. The site was then abandoned until the Iron Age. Little trace has been found of the 9th-century-BC occupation attributed to Hiel, but there was a sizable settlement in the 7th century BC, ending perhaps at the time of the second Babylonian Exile in 586 BC. The site was then finally abandoned, and the later Jerichos grew up elsewhere. Excavations have shown, however, that Jericho had a very long history before the biblical period, and the site's great importance is that it gives evidence of the first development of permanent settlements and thus of the first steps toward civilization.

Price: $30.00

Pottery Puzzle – Jerusalem #106

JUGLET- OIL FILLER Hellenistic Period, 330-37 BCE

David Said: "Whoever climbs up by way of the water shaft and defeats the Jebusites ... shall be chief and captain ... Then David dwelt in the stronghold, and called it the City of David ...". (2 Samuel 5:8, 9)

 

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The earliest traces of human settlement in the Jerusalem area, found on a hill to the southeast, are from the late Chalcolithic Period and Early Bronze Age (3000 BCE). Excavations have shown that a settlement existed on the site south of the Temple Mount, and a massive town wall was found just above the Gihon Spring, which determined the location of the ancient settlement. A biblical narrative mentions the meeting of Canaanite Malchizedek, said to be king of Salem (Jerusalem), with the Hebrew patriarch Abraham, and in a later episode it mentions another king, Adonizedek, who headed an Amorite coalition and was defeated by Joshua. Great for archeologists from 5 to 95. Learn about ancient places as you reconstruct pottery vessels based on historic archeological finds. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes: The shards of the hand made replica, Restoration instructions and all necessary materials, A historical background on ancient pottery, A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today. According to biblical accounts, about 1000 BC Jerusalem, on the frontier of Benjamin and Judah, inhabited by a mixed population described as Jebusites, was captured by David, founder of the joint kingdom of Israel and Judah, and the city became the kingdom's capital. His successor, King Solomon, extended the city and built The Temple. Jerusalem became the place of the royal palace and the sacred site of a monotheistic religion. According to legend, the Hellenistic King Antiochus Epiphanes had desecrated the Temple and impounded all the temple oil. The rebelling Jewish warriors- the Macabeans- rededicating the temple found only one juglet such as this, with pure oil to kindle the menorah of the temple. The wonder is that the oil in this one little juglet lasted eight days and nights which was the time needed for making new pure oil. This miracle is still celebrated annually as the Hanukah Festival.The original juglet was discovered in a cave on Mt. Zion, Jerusalem.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Jordan Valley #103

"And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of the Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, like the garden of God, like the land of Egypt, as one comes unto Zoar.". (Genesis 13, verse 10)

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This jug was discovered in a dig in the JordanValley. The Jordan River valley area is mentioned many times in the Bible. Jordan is derived from the Hebrew word pronounced yar-dane, meaning descender. The Jordan River, flowing from north to south through the Rift, descends over 2,300 feet (700 m.) in the course of its 186 mile (300 km.) route. Fed by streams from Mount Hermon, it runs through the fertile HulaValley into LakeKinneret and continues winding through the JordanValley before emptying into the Dead Sea. While it swells during the winter rainy season, the river is usually quite narrow and shallow. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
The Jordan River played a significant role in numerous events of Biblical history.The first mention of the Jordan is when Abraham and Lot parted company. Jacob was renamed Israel at the ford of the Jabbok River, a tributary of the Jordan. At the end of their Wilderness Journey, after Joshua succeeded Moses as the leader of the people, the Israelites entered the Promised Land by crossing the Jordan River that, like the Red Sea and was miraculously divided for them. The prophets Elijah and Elisha were active on both sides of the Jordan. The Israelite tribes possessed the territory on both sides of the Jordan.

Price: $30.00

Pottery Puzzle – Judea #105

SAUCER OIL LAMP,1000-800 BCE

The oil lamp was always a common means for lighting (with the use of olive oil) and a burial gift in the lands of the Bible. Shape and ornament changed through the periods. The saucer lamp was shaped by pinching the rim, thereby forming an aperture for the wick. Such have been found in the mountains of Judea, the Kingdom of Saul, David and Solomon. The restored lamp can be used with any cooking oil and a twisted cotton wool. Lamps of this kind can be seen many museums throughout Israel.

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"But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden-house. And Jehu followed after him, and said: 'Smite him also in the chariot'; and they smote him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there". (II Kings 9, verse 27) This vessel was unearthed in the Judean desert. The revived kingdom of Judea was established by the Macabees, who resisted the suppression of Judaism under Roman rule. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Family disputes led to Roman intervention in 63 BCE. Under Roman control, Herod was made king of Judea in 37 BCE. After Herod's death the country was ruled alternately by his descendants and by Roman procurators. As a result of the Jewish revolt in 66 CE, the city of Jerusalem was destroyed (70 CE). The name Judea is still used to describe approximately the same area in modern Israel.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Megiddo #101

CARINATED BOWL Middle Bronze, 2000-1550 BCE

The Carinated bowl is named for its sharply angular shoulder, resembling the keel of a ship (Latin – “Carina”).  It is typical of the age of the Patriarchs, a period of refinement in pottery vessels and was used for both food and beverage. Excavations revealed twenty layers of continuous occupation.  Such a bowl can be seen at the Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem

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"But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden-house. And Jehu followed after him, and said: 'Smite him also in the chariot'; and they smote him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there." (II Kings 9 verse 27 ) The original vessel was found in Megiddo which is strategically located at the crossing of two military and trade routes which gave the city an importance far beyond its size in Biblical days. It is about 29 km (18 miles) southeast of Haifa in northern Israel, overlooking the Plain of Esdraelon (Valley of Jezreel). It controlled a commonly used pass on the trading route between Egypt and Mesopotamia, and it also stood along the northwest-southeast route that connected the Phoenician cities with Jerusalem and the Jordan River valley.It was conquered by David in the 10th century BCE and became a horseman and chariot city during the reign of King Solomon. It is thought that the word Armageddon is derived from Megiddo, since the prefix har means "hill" in Hebrew; hence, Armageddon means "Hill of Megiddo." Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Megiddo's strategic location at the crossing of two military and trade routes gave the city an importance far beyond its size in Biblical days. It is about 29 km (18 miles) southeast of Haifa in northern Israel, overlooking the Plain of Esdraelon (Valley of Jezreel). It controlled a commonly used pass on the trading route between Egypt and Mesopotamia, and it also stood along the northwest-southeast route that connected the Phoenician cities with Jerusalem and the Jordan River valley. It is thought that the word Armageddon is derived from Megiddo, since the prefix har means "hill" in Hebrew; hence, Armageddon means "Hill of Megiddo." Excavations of the site conducted by German and American archaeologists in the 1920's have shown that the first town there was built in the early 4th millennium BC. The Egyptian king Thutmose III about 1468 captured Megiddo. The Israelites eventually took Megiddo, along with other cities of the area, and King Solomon rebuilt the city as a military centre; a number of the stables that have been excavated at Megiddo probably date to this time. A damaged inscribed stele records the occupation of Megiddo by Sheshonk I, who became king of Egypt about 935 BCE. King Ahaziah of Judah died at Megiddo about 842 BCE, and King Josiah of Judah also died there (609 BCE) while opposing the advance of the Egyptian king Necho II toward Assyria. The last traceable remains at Megiddo are from about 450 BCE. Nearly 400 Phoenician ivories have been found at the site, showing influences from various culture areas of the Middle East.

Price: $30.00

Pottery Puzzle – Qumran #112

JAR OF THE DEAD-SEA SCROLLS

Summer 1947. A Bedouin boy, seeking a lost goat, climbs up a cliff near Qumran. He picks up a stone and throws it into a cave..

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The sound of crashing pottery was the beginning of an exciting and important discovery of the scrolls relates to the Essenes- a Jewish sect that lived there 2000 years before. The Essenes, withdrawn to the wilderness lived a communal life bearing a remarkable similarity to the early Christians. There is no doubt they had an influence on both John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. Originals (50-60 cm) are presented in the Shrine of the Book. At the Israel Museum, Jerusalem Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
umran is a region on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, notable since 1947 as the site of the caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were first discovered. Excavations at Qumran in the 1950s were led by the French archaeologist Roland de Vaux, whose workers revealed complex of structures. An extensive aqueduct system, fed by the Qumran spring. In the principal building, was a large room with five fireplaces, In one of the rooms long benches were discovered and evidence of an upper-story scriptorium, or writing room, with two inkwells. Next to an assembly hall was a pantry stocked with hundreds of pottery jars. Archaeologists further identified a potter's workshop, two kilns, an oven, a flourmill, and a stable, but they observed that only a few other rooms might have been living quarters. A cemetery near Qumran holds the remains of about 1,100 male adults; two lesser gravesites were reserved for some 100 women and children. The Essenes separated from the rest of the Jewish community in the 2nd century BCE, when Jonathan Maccabeus, and, later, Simon Maccabeus, Seized the office of high priest, which conferred secular as well as religious authority. Simon felt compelled to persecute the Essenes, who opposed the usurpation. for this reason, they fled into the wilderness with their leader .Living apart, like other Essenian communities in Judaea, the members of the Qumran community turned to apocalyptic visions of the overthrow of the wicked priests of Jerusalem and the ultimate establishment of their own community as the true priesthood and the true Israel. They devoted their time to study of the Scriptures, manual labor, worship, and prayer. During the reign of Herod, an earthquake and fire caused the temporary abandonment of Qumran, but the community resumed its life there until the center was destroyed by Roman legions under Vespasian. Until about 73 C.E. the site was garrisoned by Roman soldiers; during the Second Jewish Revolt (132-135 C.E.), rebels under Bar Kokhba were based there.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Samaria #104

JAR IMITATING THE FORM OF THE GOURD

Early Bronze, 3200-2200 BCE

The hollowed – out gourd was used as receptacle for liquids before pottery was invented. The original was found in Samaria and may have been used as a cooking pot. The original vessel is at the Rockefeller Museum, Jerusalem

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Samaria is an ancient town located on a hill northwest of Nabulus (Shechem) in the West Bank territory under Israeli administration since 1967. Excavations in the 1930's revealed that the site had been occupied occasionally during the late 4th millennium BCE. The city was not founded until about 880 BCE, when Omri made it the new capital of the northern Hebrew kingdom of Israel and named it Samaria. Although the northern kingdom was often stronger than Judah to the south and enjoyed greater economic development, it was crushed by Assyria in 722, and much of its population was carried into captivity. It remained the capital until its destruction by the Assyrians in 722. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
In New Testament times, Samaria was rebuilt and greatly enlarged by Herod the Great (37-4 BCE), who renamed the city Sebaste in honor of the Roman emperor Augustus (Greek: Sebastos). Herod's city included an impressive temple to Augustus, strong fortifications, and many features of Hellenistic cities. Some of the most important remains of the Israelite period include a valuable collection of ivory carvings, which were probably from the palace of King Ahab (c. 874-c. 853 BC), and a series of ostraca (pottery or limestone inscription fragments) from the time of King Jeroboam II (8th century BCE).

Price: $30.00

Pottery Puzzle – Tel Qasile #107

BIRDSHAPED CULT BOWL

" Now the lords of the Philistines gathered together to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god, and to rejoice.". (Judges 16 verse 23)

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This vessel was unearthed in the area of Tel Qasile. Tel Qasile is a small site of about 4 acres on the Yarkon River. The ancient city lies within the borders of modern day Tel Aviv. It is on the north bank of the Yarkon River. Its location on the river shore guaranteed foreign trade over the Mediterranean, and also enough water to provide irrigation for agricultural projects. In its flowering period in the 10th Century BCE there lived the incredible amount - for that time - of up to 800 inhabitants. The area of the city was about four acres. The Philistines first settled the site in the 12th century BCE. The city was well planned with an organized street and building system. It was destroyed in the 10th century BCE. In 1971 excavations were carried out by B. Mazar and a Philistine temple was uncovered dating to the period of the Judges. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
The earliest remains found, date to the beginning of the Iron Age. It appears that the Philistines founded the city. Potteries with the distinctive Philistine type have been found. Other archaeological finds include remains of a metal industry and several workshops. In Area C, which is in the northern part of the tell, three superimposed temples were found. East of the temple was a courtyard, where there was a layer of ash, organic material and animal. The city appears to have been destroyed, finding of a layer of ash and debris was found just above this layer of occupation. Why the city was destroyed is not clear. It has been suggested it was during one of King David's campaigns. This has not been proven in the Archaeological evidence.

Price: $40.00