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Neker Glass Candle Holders Green (set of 2)

Glass has been known to man for at least 3500 years. First made in Egypt, and then in Syria, glass vessels produced in a variety of ways were extremely popular throughout the Roman world. Syria was an important production center making high quality decorative glass and exporting it to the rest of the Roman Empire.  The Neker glass holders  will make any occasions special.

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Glass captured the imagination of artisans in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, who used it to fashion minute objects such as pendants, beads and inlays. In the mid-second millennium BCE, small glass containers were first produced as luxury items for the royal courts. These vessels were made in the core-forming technique in a variety of hues – principally deep blue, turquoise, yellow and white – which emulated semi-precious metals. Over the centuries various casting methods, as well as mosaic-glass and gold-glass techniques, were employed. As the demand for glass vessels increased, sophisticated production methods evolved and new forms were introduced. During the 1st Century glass came into daily use with a large variety of different wares being made. The characteristic transparency, delicacy, and subtle colors, as well as many of the forms – wineglasses, bottles, juglets and jars – that were introduced in the Roman period are still the trademarks of glassware today. Many of the vessels in this collection would have been used in a Roman citizen’s daily life as containers for oils, scents, foodstuffs and perfumed waters. The pieces are hand blown in Jerusalem, Israel by the Neker brothers. They have been blowing glass since 1959.

Price: $45.00

Neker Glass Candle Holders Olive (set of 2)

Glass has been known to man for at least 3500 years. First made in Egypt, and then in Syria, glass vessels produced in a variety of ways were extremely popular throughout the Roman world. Syria was an important production center making high quality decorative glass and exporting it to the rest of the Roman Empire.  The Neker glass holders  will make any  occasions special.H

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Glass captured the imagination of artisans in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, who used it to fashion minute objects such as pendants, beads and inlays. In the mid-second millennium BCE, small glass containers were first produced as luxury items for the royal courts. These vessels were made in the core-forming technique in a variety of hues – principally deep blue, turquoise, yellow and white – which emulated semi-precious metals. Over the centuries various casting methods, as well as mosaic-glass and gold-glass techniques, were employed. As the demand for glass vessels increased, sophisticated production methods evolved and new forms were introduced. During the 1st Century glass came into daily use with a large variety of different wares being made. The characteristic transparency, delicacy, and subtle colors, as well as many of the forms – wineglasses, bottles, juglets and jars – that were introduced in the Roman period are still the trademarks of glassware today. Many of the vessels in this collection would have been used in a Roman citizen’s daily life as containers for oils, scents, foodstuffs and perfumed waters. The pieces are hand blown in Jerusalem, Israel by the Neker brothers. They have been blowing glass since 1959.

Price: $45.00

Neker Glass Candle Holders Red (set of 2)

Glass has been known to man for at least 3500 years. First made in Egypt, and then in Syria, glass vessels produced in a variety of ways were extremely popular throughout the Roman world. Syria was an important production center making high quality decorative glass and exporting it to the rest of the Roman Empire.  The Neker glass holders  will make any  occasions special.H

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Additional DescriptionMore Details

Glass captured the imagination of artisans in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, who used it to fashion minute objects such as pendants, beads and inlays. In the mid-second millennium BCE, small glass containers were first produced as luxury items for the royal courts. These vessels were made in the core-forming technique in a variety of hues – principally deep blue, turquoise, yellow and white – which emulated semi-precious metals. Over the centuries various casting methods, as well as mosaic-glass and gold-glass techniques, were employed. As the demand for glass vessels increased, sophisticated production methods evolved and new forms were introduced. During the 1st Century glass came into daily use with a large variety of different wares being made. The characteristic transparency, delicacy, and subtle colors, as well as many of the forms – wineglasses, bottles, juglets and jars – that were introduced in the Roman period are still the trademarks of glassware today. Many of the vessels in this collection would have been used in a Roman citizen’s daily life as containers for oils, scents, foodstuffs and perfumed waters. The pieces are hand blown in Jerusalem, Israel by the Neker brothers. They have been blowing glass since 1959.

Price: $45.00

Pottery oil lamp

In the modern world, there is not a great deal of difference between day and night; darkness is merely a temporary nuisance, easily vanquished by touching a switch. In ancient times, however, darkness was not as easily overcome. Accordingly, the oil lamp was one of the most important household appliances in antiquity.

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For over three millennia, it lit the homes, temples, synagogues, and churches of the Holy Land. The ability to control fire is one of the major developments in the cultural history of man.Fire serves not only as a source of heat, but also of light and protection. Special vessels were constructed out of pottery to hold and cherish this source. Our collection of pottery and glass candles and ornaments share both the warmth of the fire through friendship circles and hope for peace. According to Jewish tradition (Tosefta, Ketubot 5:8), it is one of the items that a husband is obliged to provide for his wife. An individual who lacked a lamp was in dire straits: The oil lamp’s light was a symbol of life, in both ancient and modern times. “The human soul is the lamp of the Lord,” (Proverbs. 20:27).“Lord, You are my lamp, my God lights up my darkness,” (2 Sam. 22:29). The first known lamps from the Middle Bronze Age were simple wheel-made bowls, with four slight pinches (tongues) at the top to hold four wicks. Lamps from the Bronze Ages and Iron Age had only one pinch for the wick. In the Hellenistic period (333-168 BCE), the Greeks introduced the closed oil lamp, which was distinguished by its two separate compartments: the oil reservoir, constituting the major part of the lamp, and the chamber into which the wick was inserted. This period also marked the beginning of the manufacturing of mold-made decorated lamps. The kindling of lights on Hanukka is associated with the miracle of the jar of oil used to light the Temple menorah, which was composed of oil lamps. The menorah of the Tabernacle depicted in the Book of Exodus (25:31-40; 37:17-24) consisted of a central shaft from which three branches issued on either side, at three junctions called kaftorim (“calyxes”). Each branch ended in a perah (“flower”), in which an oil lamp rested. These, then, were separate lamps, and not a single lamp with multiple mouths; they also were distinct from the body of the menorah itself, and apparently were made of gold, as was the body of the menorah.

Price: $20.00

Pottery Puzzle – Amphora #111

WINE AMPHORA
3rd Century CE
A large trade of wine and oil was conducted between all parts of the Mediterranean with the appearance of the Phoenician seaman.

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On the shores of Israel, within the remains of ancient shipwrecks, amphoras are often recovered. They are large vessels (about 4 times of this amphora) with two ear-like handles and a conical base enabling comfortable carrying and secure storage. Their origin should be looked for in the Aegean Islands. The original amphora is from the collection of The Museum of Ancient Art, Haifa. The Smithsonian Institution chose it for presentation in the USA. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Amphorae were used as storage and transport vessels for olives, cereal, oil, and wine. It was one of the principal vessel shapes in Greek pottery, a two-handled pot with a neck narrower than the body. There are two types of amphora: the neck amphora, in which the neck meets the body at a sharp angle; and the one-piece amphora, in which the neck and body form a continuous curve. The first is common from the Geometric period (900 BCE) to the decline of Greek pottery; the second appeared in the 7th century BCE. The height of amphorae varies from large Geometric vases of 5 feet (1.5 meters) to examples of 12 inches (30 centimeters) or even smaller (the smallest are called amphoriskoi). The average normal height is about 18 inches (45 centimeters). (the wine amphora was a standard Attic measure equal to about 34 liters (9 gallons). Wide-mouthed, painted amphorae were used as vessels and were given as prizes. The neck amphora, has about 12 distinct shape variations, determined as much by functional as by artistic considerations. Noteworthy are the Nolan type (from Nola, Italy), some of which had triple handles popular in red-figure pottery; the Panathenaic amphora, painted in black-figure and presented as a prize (filled with olive oil and having the inscription “I am one of the prizes from Athens”) at the Panathenaic Festivals from the 6th to the 2nd century BCE; and the loutrophoros, slender-bodied, with a tall neck and flaring mouth, used from the 6th century for ritual purposes at weddings and funerals. The one-piece amphora maintained a more consistent shape, with cylindrical handles, flaring lip, echinus foot, and amply curved belly. Amphorae, such as wine containers, continued to be made in profusion during the Roman Empire.

Price: $35.00

Pottery Puzzle – Caesarea #109

A TOY CHICK, 200-500 CE
Toys have been a common need at all times. Ceramic toys representing domesticated and wild animals were popular during the later Imperial Roman period. Artists who decorated them beautifully made these little pottery figurines. The original  toy chick was discovered in a dig in the port city of Caesarea Martima founded by Herod the Great in honor of Caesar Augustus.

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Caesarea is most commonly associated with Herod. King Herod the Great (37-4 BCE) acquired the site as a present for his loyalty to the Roman Emperor Augustus. Herod set out to build the city of Caesarea (called after Caesar) on a central strategic location. Ceaserea was built over the Phoenician port called Strabo’s Tower, of which some ruins exist. Herod set out to construct a harbor to rival the ones of Jaffa (Yafo) and Acre (Akko), in which he succeeded. Catering for the trade from the Far East to Rome and Greece, Caesarea became the largest harbor in the Mediterranean. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Caesarea included several theaters, swimming pools and baths, Herod’s palace and an esplanade with huge statues at the end of the piers stretching into the sea. Recent digs have largely confirmed his description of a splendid city in white stone (quarried from nearby hills). Herod erected an aqueduct to the North of the city. This was necessary, because Caesarea did not possess a spring and did not have a river near. Caesarea stayed prosperous also after the harbor had been heavily damaged through the earthquake in 130 BCE. The harbor still stayed in use, and the town made money by trading. Jews and Christians remained in the city, of which witness the erection of the church on top of the temple area, and a synagogue in another part. The city became a study centre for rabbis, set up by Rabbi Bar Kappara at the beginning of the 3rd Century, and rivaled the center of Rabbi Yehuda Hanasi in Sepphoris. Abbaye became Caesarea’s most famous rabbi, living one century later.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Hebron #108

“And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs“. (Numbers 13 verses 23-34)

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This vessel was unearthed in the area of Hebron. Hebron, an ancient Canaanite royal city, has been dated to the 18th century BCE. Abraham, the Patriarch, long lived in Hebron, which was often referred to as Qiryat Arba’ (Hebrew: “City of the Four,” or “Tetrapolis”), possibly referring to four confederated settlements in the area in biblical times, or to the fact that the city is built on four hills. At Hebron, Abraham purchased the cave of Mach-pelah as a burial place for his wife, Sarah, from Ephron the Hittite (Genesis 23); this became a family sepulchre. According to tradition, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, with their wives Sarah, Rebekah, and Leah, were buried in the cave. After the exodus from Egypt, Hebron was one of the cities visited by the spies sent by Moses. Later, Joshua fought the Battle of Aijalon, where “the sun stood still,” against a confederation of Amorite chiefs including the “king of Hebron” (Joshua 10). Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
King David (10th century BCE) was ordered by God to go to Hebron; he was anointed king of Israel there, and made it his capital for 7 1/2 years, until the taking of Jerusalem (II Samuel 2-5). In post-exilic times Hebron fell to the Edomites; King Herod the Great (ruled 37-4 BCE) built a wall around the cave of Mach-pelah, portions of which survive beneath additions by Byzantines, crusaders, and Mamluks. The Muslims ruled the city from 635 CE until after World War I, except for 1100-1260, when the crusaders controlled it.

Price: $35.00

Pottery Puzzle – Jericho #102

“And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan at Jericho”. (Numbers 22, verse 1)

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This jug was discovered in a dig near Jericho. Jericho has been identified in the mound known as Tall As-Sult an (at the source of the copious spring ‘As-Sult an), which rises 70 feet above the surrounding plain of the modern city of Jericho. A number of major archaeological expeditions have worked at the site, notably in 1952-58 under Kathleen M. Kenyon, director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem; one of the main objectives has been to establish the date of the town’s destruction by the Israelites–a matter of importance for the chronology of the Israelite entry into Canaan. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Evidence of this destruction was thought to have been found but proved to be erroneous.Most of the town of the period, including the whole circuit of the town walls, has been removed by erosion; enough survives to show only that there was a town of the period. This may have been destroyed in the second half of the 14th century BC, but evidence is too scanty for precision. The site was then abandoned until the Iron Age. Little trace has been found of the 9th-century-BC occupation attributed to Hiel, but there was a sizable settlement in the 7th century BC, ending perhaps at the time of the second Babylonian Exile in 586 BC. The site was then finally abandoned, and the later Jerichos grew up elsewhere. Excavations have shown, however, that Jericho had a very long history before the biblical period, and the site’s great importance is that it gives evidence of the first development of permanent settlements and thus of the first steps toward civilization.

Price: $30.00

Pottery Puzzle – Jerusalem #106

JUGLET- OIL FILLER Hellenistic Period, 330-37 BCE

David Said: “Whoever climbs up by way of the water shaft and defeats the Jebusites … shall be chief and captain … Then David dwelt in the stronghold, and called it the City of David …”. (2 Samuel 5:8, 9)

 

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The earliest traces of human settlement in the Jerusalem area, found on a hill to the southeast, are from the late Chalcolithic Period and Early Bronze Age (3000 BCE). Excavations have shown that a settlement existed on the site south of the Temple Mount, and a massive town wall was found just above the Gihon Spring, which determined the location of the ancient settlement. A biblical narrative mentions the meeting of Canaanite Malchizedek, said to be king of Salem (Jerusalem), with the Hebrew patriarch Abraham, and in a later episode it mentions another king, Adonizedek, who headed an Amorite coalition and was defeated by Joshua. Great for archeologists from 5 to 95. Learn about ancient places as you reconstruct pottery vessels based on historic archeological finds. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes: The shards of the hand made replica, Restoration instructions and all necessary materials, A historical background on ancient pottery, A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today. According to biblical accounts, about 1000 BC Jerusalem, on the frontier of Benjamin and Judah, inhabited by a mixed population described as Jebusites, was captured by David, founder of the joint kingdom of Israel and Judah, and the city became the kingdom’s capital. His successor, King Solomon, extended the city and built The Temple. Jerusalem became the place of the royal palace and the sacred site of a monotheistic religion. According to legend, the Hellenistic King Antiochus Epiphanes had desecrated the Temple and impounded all the temple oil. The rebelling Jewish warriors- the Macabeans- rededicating the temple found only one juglet such as this, with pure oil to kindle the menorah of the temple. The wonder is that the oil in this one little juglet lasted eight days and nights which was the time needed for making new pure oil. This miracle is still celebrated annually as the Hanukah Festival.The original juglet was discovered in a cave on Mt. Zion, Jerusalem.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Jordan Valley #103

And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of the Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, like the garden of God, like the land of Egypt, as one comes unto Zoar.“. (Genesis 13, verse 10)

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This jug was discovered in a dig in the JordanValley. The Jordan River valley area is mentioned many times in the Bible. Jordan is derived from the Hebrew word pronounced yar-dane, meaning descender. The Jordan River, flowing from north to south through the Rift, descends over 2,300 feet (700 m.) in the course of its 186 mile (300 km.) route. Fed by streams from Mount Hermon, it runs through the fertile HulaValley into LakeKinneret and continues winding through the JordanValley before emptying into the Dead Sea. While it swells during the winter rainy season, the river is usually quite narrow and shallow. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
The Jordan River played a significant role in numerous events of Biblical history.The first mention of the Jordan is when Abraham and Lot parted company. Jacob was renamed Israel at the ford of the Jabbok River, a tributary of the Jordan. At the end of their Wilderness Journey, after Joshua succeeded Moses as the leader of the people, the Israelites entered the Promised Land by crossing the Jordan River that, like the Red Sea and was miraculously divided for them. The prophets Elijah and Elisha were active on both sides of the Jordan. The Israelite tribes possessed the territory on both sides of the Jordan.

Price: $30.00

Pottery Puzzle – Judea #105

SAUCER OIL LAMP,1000-800 BCE

The oil lamp was always a common means for lighting (with the use of olive oil) and a burial gift in the lands of the Bible. Shape and ornament changed through the periods. The saucer lamp was shaped by pinching the rim, thereby forming an aperture for the wick. Such have been found in the mountains of Judea, the Kingdom of Saul, David and Solomon. The restored lamp can be used with any cooking oil and a twisted cotton wool. Lamps of this kind can be seen many museums throughout Israel.

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“But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden-house. And Jehu followed after him, and said: ‘Smite him also in the chariot’; and they smote him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there”. (II Kings 9, verse 27) This vessel was unearthed in the Judean desert. The revived kingdom of Judea was established by the Macabees, who resisted the suppression of Judaism under Roman rule. Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Family disputes led to Roman intervention in 63 BCE. Under Roman control, Herod was made king of Judea in 37 BCE. After Herod’s death the country was ruled alternately by his descendants and by Roman procurators. As a result of the Jewish revolt in 66 CE, the city of Jerusalem was destroyed (70 CE). The name Judea is still used to describe approximately the same area in modern Israel.

Price: $25.00

Pottery Puzzle – Megiddo #101

CARINATED BOWL Middle Bronze, 2000-1550 BCE

The Carinated bowl is named for its sharply angular shoulder, resembling the keel of a ship (Latin – “Carina”).  It is typical of the age of the Patriarchs, a period of refinement in pottery vessels and was used for both food and beverage. Excavations revealed twenty layers of continuous occupation.  Such a bowl can be seen at the Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem

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“But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden-house. And Jehu followed after him, and said: ‘Smite him also in the chariot’; and they smote him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.” (II Kings 9 verse 27 ) The original vessel was found in Megiddo which is strategically located at the crossing of two military and trade routes which gave the city an importance far beyond its size in Biblical days. It is about 29 km (18 miles) southeast of Haifa in northern Israel, overlooking the Plain of Esdraelon (Valley of Jezreel). It controlled a commonly used pass on the trading route between Egypt and Mesopotamia, and it also stood along the northwest-southeast route that connected the Phoenician cities with Jerusalem and the Jordan River valley.It was conquered by David in the 10th century BCE and became a horseman and chariot city during the reign of King Solomon. It is thought that the word Armageddon is derived from Megiddo, since the prefix har means “hill” in Hebrew; hence, Armageddon means “Hill of Megiddo.” Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
Megiddo’s strategic location at the crossing of two military and trade routes gave the city an importance far beyond its size in Biblical days. It is about 29 km (18 miles) southeast of Haifa in northern Israel, overlooking the Plain of Esdraelon (Valley of Jezreel). It controlled a commonly used pass on the trading route between Egypt and Mesopotamia, and it also stood along the northwest-southeast route that connected the Phoenician cities with Jerusalem and the Jordan River valley. It is thought that the word Armageddon is derived from Megiddo, since the prefix har means “hill” in Hebrew; hence, Armageddon means “Hill of Megiddo.” Excavations of the site conducted by German and American archaeologists in the 1920’s have shown that the first town there was built in the early 4th millennium BC. The Egyptian king Thutmose III about 1468 captured Megiddo. The Israelites eventually took Megiddo, along with other cities of the area, and King Solomon rebuilt the city as a military centre; a number of the stables that have been excavated at Megiddo probably date to this time. A damaged inscribed stele records the occupation of Megiddo by Sheshonk I, who became king of Egypt about 935 BCE. King Ahaziah of Judah died at Megiddo about 842 BCE, and King Josiah of Judah also died there (609 BCE) while opposing the advance of the Egyptian king Necho II toward Assyria. The last traceable remains at Megiddo are from about 450 BCE. Nearly 400 Phoenician ivories have been found at the site, showing influences from various culture areas of the Middle East.

Price: $30.00

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