Pottery Puzzle – Canaan #110

Iron Period, 1100-900 BCE

The fruit of the pomegranate tree, with its abundance of seeds, became a symbol of fertility in the ancient Near East. Votive vessels of this shape have been discovered in excavations from the Canaanite and Israelite periods. The Bible mentions golden pomegranates adorning Solomon’s Temple. Such original vessels can be seen in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem and Eretz- Israel Museum, Tel Aviv

"And the sons of Ham Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan. .. And Canaan begot Zidon his firstborn, and Heth; and the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite; and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite; and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite; and afterward were the families of the Canaanite spread abroad" (Genesis 10, verse 10-15). Your ancient pottery restoration kit includes:

  • The shards of the hand made replica
  • Restoration instructions and all necessary materials
  • A historical background on ancient pottery
  • A label for your collection; The origin location and date (time period), where it was discovered, and where the actual original is located today
The name Canaan occurs in cuneiform, Egyptian, and Phoenician writings from about the 15th century BCE as well as in the Bible. In these sources, Cannan refers to an area encompassing all of Israel and Syria. The Israelites occupied and conquered Canaan, the land promised to the Israelites by God. The origin of the name Canaan is disputed, but it may derive from an old Semitic word denoting reddish purple, referring to the rich purple or crimson dye produced in the area or to the wool colored with the dye. Biblically, Canaanites are identified in Genesis as descendants of Canaan, a son of Ham and grandson of Noah. Around 1250 BCE the Israelites entered Canaan, settling at first in the hill country and in the south. The Israelites' infiltration was opposed by the Canaanites, who continued to hold the stronger cities of the region. In the following century, Canaan suffered further invasion at the hands of the Philistines, who appear to have come from Crete. They eventually established a coalition of five city-states on the southern coast of Canaan. Under the leadership of King David (10th century BCE), the Israelites were finally able to break the Philistine power and at the same time to annihilate the native Canaanites, taking the city of Jerusalem. Modern knowledge of Canaan's history and culture is derived from both archeological excavations and from literary sources. Excavations, mainly in the 20th century, have unearthed the remains of many important Canaanite cities, including Bet Shean, Gezer, Hazor, Jericho, Jerusalem, Lachish, Megiddo, and Shechem. Thereafter Canaan became, for all practical purposes, the Land of Israel.

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